A credit score influences the credit that's available to you and the terms that lenders offer you. It's a vital part of your credit health.
The most widely used credit score is the FICO Score, the credit score created by Fair Isaac Corporation. Lenders use the FICO Score to help make credit decisions. Fair Isaac calculates the FICO Score based solely on information in consumer credit reports maintained at the credit reporting agencies.
FICO credit scores range from 300 to 850. The FICO Score is calculated by a mathematical equation that evaluates many types of information from your credit report, at that agency. Please see pie chart below for what percentages TransUnion utilizes to determine a FICO score. By comparing this information to the patterns in hundreds of thousands of past credit reports, the FICO Score estimates your level of future credit risk. The higher the score, the lower the risk. But no score says whether a specific individual will be a "good" or "bad" customer.
The big three credit bureaus, TransUnion, Equifax and Experian developed their own credit score as an alternative to FICO called VantageScore and began marketing it in 2006. The VantageScore is calculated differently than the FICO score. Furthermore, the VantageScore 2.0 utilized a score range of 501-990 but the newer VantageScore 3.0 utilizes a score of 300-850. It is important for you to know what score you are being presented and in the case of VantageScore what version. The VantageScore and FICO score can vary widely. For more information about the VantageScore 3.0 model please visit here.
The Siletz Tribe Revolving Credit Program submits monthly reports of all active STRCP loans to TransUnion Credit Agency. Should you have any questions or concerns about your Siletz Tribe Revolving Credit Program loan credit reporting please don't hesitate to contact Siletz Management Inc. at 1-877-564-7298. Our office hours are Monday through Friday 8:00am to 4:30pm except holidays..
Should you want more information on how to dispute a credit item on your report through TransUnion you can go to the TransUnion Credit Disputes FAQs page.You can also submit disputes to TransUnion online, by phone or by mail:
STRCP highly recommends all loan applicants look at utilizing the "Gain a Better Understanding of Your Credit with Experian Credit Educator" service offered by Experian. For $39.95 you will receive a one time, one-on-one credit education session including:
Under Federal Law everyone is entitled to receive one free credit report from Experian, Equifax and TransUnion every 12 months. You may receive a credit report from all three at one time or any single one of them at a time. In other words, you may receive a free report from all three bureaus together or get a report from Equifax and three months later request one from TransUnion. The free credit reports can be requested through the website linked below, by phone or by mail. Free Credit Report
There is no reason to pay any fee for an annual copy of your credit report from each of three credit bureaus.
Be aware that many websites offer to give you a "free" credit report/score by signing you up for a "free" trial offering a monthly based monitoring service that automatically begins charging your credit card after a short free trial period. Most often, when a website requires you to input credit card information to receive your "free" report/credit score you often are authorizing that company to deduct a fee from your account.
One such example is Free Credit Report.com. From their website homepage they state:
Credit Karma is a completely free pro-consumer service dedicated to demystifying the credit landscape. With their credit simulators, free credit scores, credit advice, and credit score comparisons, their goal is to empower consumers to more actively manage their credit and their financial health. Please note Credit Karma utilizes the VantageScore 3.0 format and reports a score from Equifax and TransUnion. This score is from a "soft pull" (doesn't affect your credit score unlike a "hard pull" report like the one pulled by the STRCP or other creditors) and does not necessarily translate to the same FICO score. Also, many major credit card companies offer free "soft pull" credit FICO score reporting as a benefit to having their charge card.Learn More
If you plan to apply for credit through STRCP or another financial institution it is important you understand the impact it will have on your finances. This includes knowing what the monthly payment is (and the interest rate) and whether you can afford to make the payments. One issue that often occurs for people when they purchase cars, for example, is they don't take the monthly insurance premium into consideration when determining whether they can afford the monthly payments. To help you understand whether you can afford a STRCP loan we have a Personal Income & Expenses Template in Microsoft Office Excel or PDF format to help you take control of your personal budgeting. The STRCP Board and the STRCP Credit Administrator highly recommends all STRCP loan applicants utilize this template to determine if they can afford an additional loan payment.
Please note the second page of the PDF (Tab two (2) on the Excel Worksheet) where you can fill out a Goals Worksheet. Whether you are saving for a car, wanting to start a business or save for college it is important to develop and prioritize your savings goals.
One of the major reasons many new businesses fail is a lack of reserve capital (cash) and/or not enough free operating capital (cash) for the small business owner to pay his/her personal living expenses. Utilizing this template can help reduce financial surprises (and you may be surprised at where most of your income actually goes in any given month!).
Although not a requirement, you may fill out and provide a copy of your personal budget to the STRCP Board as part of your application packet.
You use credit to pay for education or a house, a remodeling job or a car, or to finance a loan to keep your business operating.
The Federal Trade Commission (FTC), the nation’s consumer protection agency, enforces the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA), which prohibits credit discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, sex, marital status, age, or because you get public assistance. Creditors may ask you for most of this information in certain situations, but they may not use it when deciding whether to give you credit or when setting the terms of your credit. Not everyone who applies for credit gets it or gets the same terms: Factors like income, expenses, debts, and credit history are among the considerations lenders use to determine your creditworthiness.
The law provides protections when you deal with any organizations or people who regularly extend credit, including banks, small loan and finance companies, retail and department stores, credit card companies, and credit unions. Everyone who participates in the decision to grant credit or in setting the terms of that credit, including real estate brokers who arrange financing, must comply with the ECOA. See here for more information (Source)
A good credit history — a record of your bill payments — often is necessary to get credit. This can hurt many married, separated, divorced, and widowed women. Typically, there are two reasons women don’t have credit histories in their own names: either they lost their credit histories when they married and changed their names, or creditors reported accounts shared by married couples in the husband’s name only.
If you’re married, separated, divorced, or widowed, contact your local credit reporting companies to make sure all relevant bill payment information is in a file under your own name. Your credit report includes information on where you live, how you pay your bills, and whether you’ve been sued, arrested or filed for bankruptcy. National credit reporting companies sell the information in your report to creditors, insurers, employers, and other businesses that, in turn, use it to evaluate your applications for credit, insurance, employment, or renting a home.
The Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) requires each of the three nationwide credit reporting companies - Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion - to give you a free copy of your credit report, at your request, once every 12 months. To order your report, visit annualcreditreport.com or call 1-877-322-8228.
A number of federal agencies, including the FTC, share enforcement responsibility for the ECOA. Visit the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau or HelpWithMyBank.gov, a site maintained by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, for answers to frequently-asked questions on topics like bank accounts, deposit insurance, credit cards, consumer loans, insurance, mortgages, identity theft, and safe deposit boxes, and for other information about federal agencies that have responsibility for financial institutions
The Siletz Tribe Revolving Credit Program submits monthly reports of all active STRCP loans to TransUnion. Please see below for answers to common questions. Should you have any questions or concerns about your Siletz Tribe Revolving Credit Program loan credit reporting to the credit bureau(s) by Siletz Management Inc. please don't hesitate to call us at 1-877-564-7298. Our office hours are Monday thru Friday 8:00am to 4:30pm.
A. A good credit score depends on the scoring system used by your particular lender. Different scoring systems use different scales. However, if you have a good credit score from one of the credit reporting agencies, you are likely to have a good credit score with your lender.
A. The information that impacts a credit score varies depending on the score being used. Credit scores are affected by elements in your credit report, such as:
A. It depends on the type of negative information. Here's the basic breakdown of how long different types of negative information will remain on your credit report:
Keep in mind: For all of these negative items, the older they are the less impact they are going to have on your FICO® score. For example, a collection that is 5 years old will hurt much less than a collection that is 5 months old (myFico, 2014).
Each state has different rules and statutes comprising their fair debt collection laws. Please click here for Oregon’s Debt Collection information.
Disclaimer: All information found on this website is not considered legal or financial advice and is for informational purposes only. The outcome utilizing this information is not guaranteed by STBC, STRCP, SMI and/or CTSI or their resppective officers. All fillable PDFs require a compatible PDF reader program. If you don't have a compatible reader please click link below depending on your Operating System (OS). Please remember to uncheck any "Optional Offer" on the Adobe webpage before downloading Adobe Reader for Windows unless you want the free McAfee Security Scan Plus utility.Adobe Reader for Windows Adobe Reader for Apple OSX
Submitting a Debt Validation Letter to the Creditor is an option under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA).Debt Validation Letter Fillable PDF
If there is no response from the creditor for more than 30 days validating the debt, the submission of a follow up letter informing the creditor they are in violation of the FDCPA is an option.30 Day No Response Debt Validation Letter Fillable PDF
If the creditor provides validation for the debt and/or you acknowledge the debt and wish to pay it off you have the option to submit a Pay to Delete request to the Creditor. This letter will acknowledge your willingness to pay the debt if the creditor/debt collector agrees to change the status of the account on your credit reports (Experian, TransUnion, Equifax) to "Pays As Agreed" (or remove from your report) and to agree the account is not resold/transferred to any other collection agency. The advantage of the creditor agreeing to change the status of the account to “Pays as Agreed” is that it will no longer be a negative item on your report. It is important an authorized representative from the creditor signs off on this letter. It is important to remember the creditor may not agree to change the negative item to "Pays as Agreed" on the report. It is also important to note whether you are negotiating with the original creditor or a collection agency. Be cautious in dealing with collection agencies.
For example, never give them your bank information electronic or otherwise.Pay for Delete Fillable PDF
A. There are number of steps you can take to help prevent credit card fraud and quickly report it if it does happen. The State of Oregon Division of Finance and Corporate Securities (DFCS) has webpages dedicated to helping you as the consumer. For those tribal members located in other states their state websites most likely will have similar information and action steps as they are often identical. Actions include:
If you believe you are a victim of identity theft:
You may have heard the ads on the radio about companies promising to fix your credit so you can get that low interest loan for a new car etc. Many of these companies are scams trying to take your money with no guaranteed results. However, there are a few legitimate credit repair companies. There is no magic formula to raise your credit score fast but there are times when a credit repair company can give your score a bump and/or negotiate for you to remove negative items from your credit report. The information below can be found at Huffington Post Credit Repair Service Blog. Always investigate and be cautious using any credit repair company. The bottom line is credit repair through a credit repair company is not usually guaranteed but if you utilize a company with a good reputation and money-back guarantee, understand the risks you can avoid having negative consequences. STBC, SMI and CTSI does not endorse any of these companies. They are examples only. Please evaluate each one.
A. If you have legitimate errors on your credit report: The main function of any credit repair service is to remove errors from your credit report. These could range from errors in reporting from lenders to simple errors in your personal information. A good amount can actually effect your credit, so if you believe there are errors in your credit report, you can benefit from a credit repair company correcting those errors for you.
If you have errors that can't be verified: A little known fact about your credit report is that every detail in the report needs to be verifiable. For example, if you have a negative item on your credit report from a lender who was bought or went out of business, there is a chance that if the credit bureaus were to call to verify the information on your report, they would get no answer. In that case, they are required to remove it from your credit report. This is a loophole that credit repair services will use to raise your score.
If your lenders are willing to work with credit repair agencies: The credit repair agencies that have been doing this for a while know the tricks of the trade, so they have the experience to negotiate with your lenders on your behalf. Does this always work? No. Some lenders don't like working with credit repair services. Some lenders aren't willing to negotiate. However, for the lenders who are willing to listen, this is a good way for credit repair services to raise your score.
A. There are a lot of credit repair companies out there and a lot of scams that go with them, so how can you find the more reliable ones? Look for three things: longevity, reputation and money-back guarantee. Three companies to start with:
Sky Blue Credit Repair
They have an "A+" rating from the BBB, which is a top score from a credit repair company. SkyBlue is also one of the only credit repair services that offers a full 90-day refund (as of November 15, 2015) no matter what the reason, which is unheard of in credit repair. You can sign up on their website or call 1-888-534-1510 for more information. As of November 15, 2015 they charge $59.95/month.
Lexington Law Company
The best part about Lexington Law is that it is an actual law firm that specializes in credit law, which means they know what they are doing when dealing with lenders. It also has an "A" rating from the BBB, and has been around longer than most other credit repair services. Lexington Law is on the cheaper end at $59.95 a month, with a $99.95 initial fee, which includes all of the bells and whistles that come along with their credit repair plan, including a guarantee. Guarantee? Lexington Law doesn't charge you anything until they've completed all the work that they agreed to.
CreditRepair.com has a relationship with TransUnion, so they can actually pull your credit score for you, which is extremely helpful. They also have an "A" rating from the BBB. The only downside to CreditRepair.com is the cost. They charge $89.95 a month, although they don't have an initial fee like most other credit repair services. With the $89.95, you get your standard credit repair services, as well as monthly credit monitoring, a score tracker and analysis, mobile apps and text and email alerts.
For example: If you take out a STRCP consumer loan of $3,030.00 with a 24 month repayment term with a 8% interest rate:
The interest rate on your loan is critical in determining how much you owe and most creditors determine your interest rate by your credit score.
This is an example of two different applicants applying for an identical car loan outside of STRCP for $20,000.
|Applicant 1||Applicant 2|
|Length of Loan||60 months||60 months|
|Total Amount for Pay Off||$21,291.54||$31,122.06|
Starting a new business is an exciting and sometimes scary proposition. There are many questions for you to consider ranging from your business structure, partners, funding, taxes, insurances etc. This page is designed to help you address some of these concerns so the scary proposition part goes away and you are left only with the excitement of starting or improving your business. STBC and STRCP strongly encourages every new (and existing) business owner to review this information. Some of the information you may already know and some of it may be new. Please don't hesitate to contact the STRCP Credit Administrator if you have any questions.
The Small Business Administration is a great online resource for new and existing business owners. Most of the information below is directly derived from their website.
A. The SBA has the following 20 questions that are a good start:
A. Absolutely! Things to think about when asking this question include:
A. 10 steps to start a business include:
A. There are number of different legal business structures that each have their own advantages and disadvantages.
A. There are number of different questions that need to be answered after you determine what business structure you want to utilize for your business. Most entrepreneurs or small business owners start with a Limited Liability Company or Sole Proprietorship. The Limited Liability Company most often offers the advantage of limited personal liability of a corporation without the complexities of corporate administration. STBC does not reccomend utilization of a sole proprietor business structure. For example, your personal assets (such as your personal property to include house or car etc.!) could be sought by creditors if you default on a business debt. However, depending on the type of business you want to operate, a corporation may be a better fit (especially if you want to raise capital through issuance of stock (shares of ownership of the corporation). However, as with all information on this website, STBC recommends you consult an attorney and/or certified financial planner/accountant when starting a new business and assumes no liability.
Things you need to consider when starting a Limited Liability Company (LLC):
While a LLC is less complex to administer than a corporation there are still requirements that may vary from state to state. For Oregon, the LLC is required to file an Annual Report.
A. Things you need to consider when starting a Corporation:
Here are some simple asset protection strategies for the small business owner utilizing a Limited Liability Company (or corporation) may want to do to reduce their personal liability according to Northwest Registered Agent, LLC:
It is important to keep in mind that just having an LLC does not fully absolve its members of personal liability automatically. Please read here for more information. While you can incorporate or create a Limited Liabilty Corporation on your own there are companies such as Northwest Registered Agence, LLC that charges a variety of fees to assist you in forming an LLC in any state, work with your attorney etc. As with any third-party company offering you a service, please make sure to carefully vette their fees versus what you would pay to file the appropriate paperwork yourself directly with the state.
A. Human Resources is a critical administrative function for any small business owner especially if they have employees. Depending on your business structure and how large you anticipate it being you will want to determine quickly whether HR services are done in-house, whether you hire a consultant to set it up or if you want to outsource your HR to a third-party.
Please click here for eight common small business HR questions and answers. When first starting out, many small business entrepreneurs handle the HR themselves. However, as they expand and hire employees the HR issues become more complex with potential legal ramifications.
In fact, hiring employees requires a lot of attention to detail so it has been broken out (see below). Having an employee handbook, clear policies & procedures, clear understanding of local, state and federal laws and a properly instituted payroll management system in place before hiring the first employee can go a long way toward reducing staffing issues down the road.
A. Absolutely. In order to protect your invention or work you need to go through a process. Depending on your business idea, service or product there are different types of protections for your intellectual property you can apply to receive.
The U.S. Copyright Act, 17 U.S.C. §§ 101 - 810 , is Federal legislation enacted by Congress under its Constitutional grant of authority to protect the writings of authors. See U.S. Constitution, Article I, Section 8. Changing technology has led to an ever expanding understanding of the word "writings." The Copyright Act now reaches architectural design, software, the graphic arts, motion pictures, and sound recordings. See § 106. As of January 1, 1978, all works of authorship fixed in a tangible medium of expression and within the subject matter of copyright were deemed to fall within the exclusive jurisdiction of the Copyright Act regardless of whether the work was created before or after that date and whether published or unpublished. See § 301. See also preemption.
The owner of a copyright has the exclusive right to reproduce, distribute, perform, display, license, and to prepare derivative works based on the copyrighted work. See § 106. The exclusive rights of the copyright owner are subject to limitation by the doctrine of "fair use." See § 107. Fair use of a copyrighted work for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, or research is not copyright infringement. To determine whether or not a particular use qualifies as fair use, courts apply a multi-factor balancing test. See § 107.
Copyright protection subsists in original works of authorship fixed in any tangible medium of expression from which they can be perceived, reproduced, or otherwise communicated, either directly or with the aid of a machine or device. See § 102. Copyright protection does not extend to any idea, procedure, process, system, method of operation, concept, principle, or discovery. For example, if a book is written describing a new system of bookkeeping, copyright protection only extends to the author's description of the bookkeeping system; it does not protect the system itself. See Baker v. Selden, 101 U.S. 99 (1879).
According to the Copyright Act of 1976, registration of copyright is voluntary and may take place at any time during the term of protection. See § 408. Although registration of a work with the Copyright Office is not a precondition for protection, an action for copyright infringement may not be commenced until the copyright has been formally registered with the Copyright Office. See § 411.
Deposit of copies with the Copyright Office for use by the Library of Congress is a separate requirement from registration. Failure to comply with the deposit requirement within three months of publication of the protected work may result in a civil fine. See § 407. The Register of Copyrights may exempt certain categories of material from the deposit requirement.
In 1989 the U.S. joined the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works. In accordance with the requirements of the Berne Convention, notice is no longer a condition of protection for works published after March 1, 1989. This change to the notice requirement applies only prospectively to copies of works publicly distributed after March 1, 1989.
The Berne Convention also modified the rule making copyright registration a precondition to commencing a lawsuit for infringement. For works originating from a Berne Convention country, an infringement action may be initiated without registering the work with the U.S. Copyright Office. However, for works of U.S. origin, registration prior to filing suit is still required.
The federal agency charged with administering the act is the Copyright Office of the Library of Congress. See § 701 of the act. Its regulations are found in Parts 201 - 204 of title 37 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
For more information on copyrights please visit, Cornell University Law School website; the source for this material. For video presentations about copyrights you can visit Taking the Mystery Out of Copyright found through the Library of Congress.
A patent for an invention is the grant of a property right to the inventor, issued by the United States Patent and Trademark Office. Generally, the term of a new patent is 20 years from the date on which the application for the patent was filed in the United States or, in special cases, from the date an earlier related application was filed, subject to the payment of maintenance fees. U.S. patent grants are effective only within the United States, U.S. territories, and U.S. possessions. Under certain circumstances, patent term extensions or adjustments may be available.
The right conferred by the patent grant is, in the language of the statute and of the grant itself, “the right to exclude others from making, using, offering for sale, or selling” the invention in the United States or “importing” the invention into the United States. What is granted is not the right to make, use, offer for sale, sell or import, but the right to exclude others from making, using, offering for sale, selling or importing the invention. Once a patent is issued, the patentee must enforce the patent without aid of the USPTO.
There are three types of patents:
A) Utility patents may be granted to anyone who invents or discovers any new and useful process, machine, article of manufacture, or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof;
B) Design patents may be granted to anyone who invents a new, original, and ornamental design for an article of manufacture; and
C) Plant patents may be granted to anyone who invents or discovers and asexually reproduces any distinct and new variety of plant.
What Can Be Patented
The patent law specifies the general field of subject matter that can be patented and the conditions under which a patent may be obtained. In the language of the statute, any person who “invents or discovers any new and useful process, machine, manufacture, or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof, may obtain a patent,” subject to the conditions and requirements of the law. The word “process” is defined by law as a process, act, or method, and primarily includes industrial or technical processes. The term “machine” used in the statute needs no explanation. The term “manufacture” refers to articles that are made, and includes all manufactured articles. The term “composition of matter” relates to chemical compositions and may include mixtures of ingredients as well as new chemical compounds. These classes of subject matter taken together include practically everything that is made by man and the processes for making the products.
The Atomic Energy Act of 1954 excludes the patenting of inventions useful solely in the utilization of special nuclear material or atomic energy in an atomic weapon. See 42 U.S.C. 2181(a).
The patent law specifies that the subject matter must be “useful.” The term “useful” in this connection refers to the condition that the subject matter has a useful purpose and also includes operativeness, that is, a machine which will not operate to perform the intended purpose would not be called useful, and therefore would not be granted a patent. Interpretations of the statute by the courts have defined the limits of the field of subject matter that can be patented, thus it has been held that the laws of nature, physical phenomena, and abstract ideas are not patentable subject matter.
A patent cannot be obtained upon a mere idea or suggestion. The patent is granted upon the new machine, manufacture, etc., as has been said, and not upon the idea or suggestion of the new machine. A complete description of the actual machine or other subject matter for which a patent is sought is required.
For more information on patents and how to patent (or trademark) your invention/product please visit, The United States Patent and Trademark Office the source for this material.
A trademark is a word, name, symbol, or device that is used in trade with goods to indicate the source of the goods and to distinguish them from the goods of others. A servic emark is the same as a trademark except that it identifies and distinguishes the source of a service rather than a product. The terms “trademark” and “mark” are commonly used to refer to both trademarks and service marks.
Trademark rights may be used to prevent others from using a confusingly similar mark, but not to prevent others from making the same goods or from selling the same goods or services under a clearly different mark. Trademarks that are used in interstate or foreign commerce may be registered with the USPTO. The registration procedure for trademarks and general information concerning trademarks can be found in the separate book entitled “Basic Facts about Trademarks.”
A. For copyrighting your work visit, The U.S. Copyright Office or go through a private company such as Legal Zoom. It is vitally important if you are going to sell a product, design, artwork etc. you invented commercially to ensure it is copyrighted. Click here for fee schedule if applying through the U.S. Copyright office. Private copyright processors such as Legal Zoom will each have their own set of fees. Please make sure you are fully aware of the total fees to process your application.
To apply for a patent or trademark on your new invention please visit the United States Patent and Trademark Office. A list of fees to apply for a patent and/or trademark can be found at USTPO Fee Schedule.
Also, be cautious in utilizing third-party patent companies or individuals to assist you in applying for a patent. Make sure and research the company to ensure they are reputable.
Hiring Employees requires a lot of attention to detail to ensure you don't run afoul of local, state, federal or tribal law. Please refer the information below.
A. If you need or want employees there are a number of labor and employment laws and other criteria that may apply. Different subjects include:
Hiring your first employee
A. Yes. Employee benefits play an important role in the lives of employees as well as their families. For that reason, the benefits you offer can be a deciding factor for a potential employee’s decision to work at your business.
There are two types of employee benefits must provide by law those the employer must provide by law and those the employer offers as an option to compensate employees. Examples of required benefits include social security and workers' compensation, while optional benefits include health care insurance coverage and retirement benefits. Both required and optional benefits have legal and tax implications for the employer.
This guide helps employers understand what they need to do to supply employee benefits required by law.
Every employer must pay Social Security taxes at the same rate paid by their employees. The following sites from the Social Security Administration can help you comply:
Businesses with employees may be required to pay unemployment insurance taxes. If your business is required to pay these taxes, you must register with your state's workforce agency, which can be found on our State and Local Tax page. Oregon pages include:
Businesses with employees are required to carry Workers' Compensation Insurance coverage through a commercial carrier, on a self-insured basis, or through the state Workers' Compensation Insurance program. If you need or want employees there are a number of labor and employment laws and other criteria that may apply. Different subjects include:
The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) entitles employees up to have 12 weeks of job-protected, unpaid leave during any 12-month period for any of the following reasons:
FMLA requires group health benefits to be maintained during the leave as if employees continued to work instead of taking leave. FMLA applies to private employers with 50 or more employees, and to all public employers. Visit the Department of Labor’s website for more information.
A. Yes. Independent contractors and employees are not the same, and it's important to understand the difference. Knowing this distinction will help you determine what your first hiring move will be and affect how you withhold a variety of taxes and avoid costly legal consequences. Please click here for more information. For Oregon please click here for more information .
A. While not required, pre-employment background checks can help employers make sure they are getting the best employees possible. However, there are a number of rules and regulations regarding pre-employment checks. Please visit the SBA Pre-Employment Background Checks page for more information.
A. The employee handbook is a vital communication tool between you and your employees. Please visit the SBA Employee Handbooks page for more information.
A. Creating an effective job description is an essential part of hiring and managing your employees. Job descriptions help employees understand their roles, chain of command and their job responsibilities.
Job Descriptions also:
For more information please visit the SBA Writing Effective Job Descriptions page.
First, the question you want to ask yourself is whether you want to be an expert in bookkeeping and/or accounting if those are not the focus of your business. If you are opening a clothing retail shop your focus, first and foremost should most often be on managing and leading that component. However, even should you choose to use a professional bookkeeper and/or accountant you must always be aware of your bottom line and ensure they are reporting the information to you accurately.
A. Top 10 "Do's" and "Do nots" of book keeping practices are:
A. There are a number of different software packages you can utilize. It depends on a number of factors including what kind of business you have, whether you utilize Microsoft Windows, Apple OS X or a Linux OS platform. The most popular platform is the Microsoft Windows Platform for desktop accounting software. Another question is whether you want to utilize a cloud based accounting software program or a traditional desktop software program you can install on your computer. Some companies offer both options such as Intuit the makers of QuickBooks.
If you are interested in utilizing cloud based accounting software please note they have a number of advantages and disadvantages.
Cloud based accounting software advantages:
Cloud based accounting software disadvantages:
Please visit here for example cloud based accounting packages.
A. This is one area that many entrepreneurs are not sure about when starting a new business. There are a variety of factors to consider.
A. To run a succesful business, you need to learn about your customer, your competitors and your industry. Market research is the process of analyzing data to help you understand which products and services are in demand, and how to be competitive. Market research can also provide valuable insight to help you:
For more information and resources regarding marketing research and analysis you can visit the SBAFrom Score.org 5 Marketing Must Haves for you to review.
A. Having a website allows you to reach a far broader market than you may otherwise be able to reach. While you may have a store location, by having a webiste; your company has a marketing presence 24 hours a day 365 days a year. Not just customers from your local geographic area may find your website but potential clients from all over the world. For those entrepreneurs who want to have a home business, having a website is a way to provide a "retail" storefront to your business without all the additional costs.
STBC offers a free online business directory listing to all CTSI enrolled tribal member business owners (from 1% to 100% ownership or if they are independent contractor). Please visit the Siletz Tribal Business Directory for more information.Online Info
A. While you don't need a computer to run a business there are several advantages to having one. Having a computer allows a small businss owner to utilize productivity software such as Microsoft Office 365 Business and Adobe Content Creation Software. Accounting software (whether local or cloud based) allows the small business owner much more control over their business (see Finance section). Having a business email address and website are increasingly critical for a business to function under the current business climate.
A. This is critical! Always make sure you have up-to-date backups of your data both on-site and off-site. On-site data backups include utilizing a separate USB hard drive or Network Attached Storage (NAS) while off-site backups may include cloud based backup services such as Carboniteor Amazon Web Services.Think about what would happen if your personal computer or phone broke right now? Do you have backups of your critical financial information or your personal picture? The same holds true for business purposes. Always have an up-to-date backup!
Please note, for those utilizing or thinking about utilizing a RAID array; RAID is not a backup. RAID is utilized for redundancy; not backups!
A. More than 75% of data breaches target small and medium size businesses according to the Score Organization and Mcafee Internet Security" so it is important to ensure you are aware of cyber security if you have an online website and/or process payments online etc. For more information download and read the 10 Step Security Checklist below.Checklist
|Template Name||MS Excel/MS Word|
|Sample Business Plan||Download|
|Business Plan Template for Startup||Download|
|Business Plan Template for Existing Business||Download|
|3 Years Of Income||Download||Download|
|12 Month Cash Flow||Download||Download|
|Break Even Analysis||Download||Download|
A nonprofit, public-benefit corporation created by Northwest Indian Tribes to increase the success of private businesses owned by Native Americans. ONABEN offers training and support focused on developing entrepreneurship in Indian communities. Programs are available to any Native American (regardless of tribal affiliation) and services are provided at local sites.
For businesses in Lincoln County and for those considering starting or buying a new business, OCCC's Small Business Development Center (SBDC) can help. They offer free small business counseling to start-ups and established businesses, business development training, information and referral, and a Small Business Management program.
Siletz- Education Specialist
Alissa Lane 541-444-8373
Portland - Education Specialist
Katy Kaady 503-238-1512
Eugene - Education Specialist
Nick Viles 541-484-4234
Salem - Education Specialist
Sonya Moody-Jurado 503-390-9494
OCWCOG is a voluntary association of twenty cities, three counties, the Confederated Tribes of the Siletz Indians and a port district. Geographically, the OCWCOG spans a region from the crest of the Cascade Range to the Pacific Ocean and includes all of Linn, Benton and Lincoln counties.
OCWCOG helps communities collaborate to solve problems and connects member governments, businesses and individuals with a wide array of resources. By pooling resources through OCWCOG, services to the public can be provided more cost effectively and efficiently. OCWCOG also serves as a forum for cross-jurisdictional cooperation. Over the years, OCWCOG has assisted their members in a variety of areas.
Their business lending and economic development efforts aim to encourage new employment opportunities and promote a stable and diversified economy in the Southern Willamette Valley and Central Oregon Coast. They deliver professional commercial loan packaging, closing, servicing and collection services through various direct and indirect loan programs. They also provide administrative services, technical assistance and professional lending services through contractual relationships to local government and non-profit entities that offer economic development oriented commercial loans. The goal of their lending program is to foster economic development by providing access to capital for small business owners, for either start-up or expansion needs. This gives businesses the opportunity and capacity to play an important role in determining their futures. Ultimately it means the creation of more jobs in the communities they service. Please click the Business Referral Network PDF icon to get a list of key contacts in the Cascades West region of Benton, Lincoln and Linn Counties for common business development-reated queries.
The U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) was created in 1953 as an independent agency of the federal government to aid, counsel, assist and protect the interests of small business concerns, to preserve free competitive enterprise and to maintain and strengthen the overall economy of our nation. We recognize that small business is critical to our economic recovery and strength, to building America's future, and to helping the United States compete in today's global marketplace.
Although SBA has grown and evolved in the years since it was established in 1953, the bottom line mission remains the same. The SBA helps Americans start, build and grow businesses. Through an extensive network of field offices and partnerships with public and private organizations, SBA delivers its services to people throughout the United States, Puerto Rico, the U. S. Virgin Islands and Guam.
HUBZone Certification: The Historically Underutilized Business Zones (HUB-Zone) program was enacted into law as part of the Small Business Reauthorization Act of 1997. The program encourages economic development in historically underutilized zones through the establishment of preferences. The HUBZone program is in line with the efforts of both the Small Business Administration and United States Congress to promote economic development growth in distressed areas by providing access to more federal contracting opportunities. For more information please visit the link provided below.
For more information about starting a business in Oregon to include topics such as hiring employees, obtaining a Federal Tax ID Number, selecting a business structure, business name, tax Information and more the state of Oregon has a great online resource guide.
Business Oregon is the state's economic development agency. Business Oregon works to create, retain, expand and attract businesses that provide sustainable, living-wage jobs for Oregonians through public-private partnerships, leveraged funding and support of economic opportunities for Oregon companies and entrepreneurs.
ONAC is dedicated to working with all members of the community to advance the educational and economic opportunities for Native Americans in Oregon and Southwest Washington.
The Oregon Small Business advocate is an independent voice for small business with the state government. Have trouble with a state agency? They can help you cut through the red tape and find a solution. Get information, get resources and get help at
Please see below for some business plan and small business startup resources. These are provided as examples only as there is a wide variety of books available. STBC does recommend all prospective business owners to review all the Business Planning and Business Education links here on the STBC website.
Your debt to income ratio (DIR) is determined by your monthly income and your monthly expenses (bills). It helps to determine the capacity an applicant has to repay any borrowed funds. To calculate your DIR, first you total all your monthly expenses and divide that by your monthly income and multiply that figure by 100 to find your percentage of debt to income. You can calculate your DIR using the equation below:
Total of monthly expenses / monthly gross income x 100 = %
Example: you have $925.00 of monthly bills and your monthly income is $2,500.00
925.00/2,500.00 x 100 = 37%
Before applying for a loan whether through STRCP or another financial institution try our payment calculator to estimate your monthly payment: